Future Simple: Form

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Form: Future Simple

For a full breakdown of the structure of the Future Simple, please see Recognise: Future Simple.


WILL + BARE INFINITIVE

I will study


If you have problems forming the tense I propose this sequence, GO BACKWARDS!

  • BACKWARDS
  • First the Voice and then Aspects
    1. Take the tense to form, eg Past Perfect Passive of To FINISH
    2. What is the Passive of To FINISH? To BE finished
    3. What is the Perfect of To BE? To HAVE been finished
    4. TO HAVE BEEN FINISHED is the Perfect Passive of To Finish
  • Next going backwards is the MODAL,TENSE or STRUCTURE
    1. PAST Perfect Passive =
    2. HAD been finished
    3. CONDITIONAL Perfect Passive =
    4. WOULD have been finished
    5. PRESENT Perfect Passive =
    6. HAVE / HAS been finished
  • Next the PERSON
    • Now add the person, changing form where necessary
    • THEY + Past Perfect Passive
    • THEY HAD been finished
    • THEY + Conditional Perfect Passive
    • THEY WOULD have been finished
    • THEY + Present Perfect Passive
    • THEY HAVE been finished
  • M = MODIFY
    • Finally we look at the last modifiers:
    • Mood (indicative, interrogative, imperative)
    • Polarity (Positive or Negative)
    • Contractions (if you want a more informal style)
    • Changing where necessary.
    • Negative of They would come = THEY WOULDN'T COME
    • Question of We arrived = DID WE ARRIVE?
    • Negative Question of You should have come = SHOULD YOU NOT HAVE COME?

Forming the Future Simple...


PERSON she
TYPE positive
VERB to go
Tense/Modal/Structure Future
ASPECT(s) Simple
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
SIMPLE TO GO
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
FUTURE WILL go
PERSON
CONJUGATE SHE will go
MODIFY
NEGATIVE X
QUESTION X
ANSWER:
She will go

PERSON They
TYPE Question
VERB To eat
Tense/Modal/Structure Future
ASPECT(s) Simple
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
SIMPLE TO EAT
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
FUTURE WILL eat
PERSON
CONJUGATE THEY will eat
MODIFY
NEGATIVE X
QUESTION WILL THEY eat?
ANSWER:
Will they eat?

PERSON You
TYPE Negative Question
VERB To cook
Tense/Modal/Structure Future
ASPECT(s) Simple
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
SIMPLE TO COOK
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
FUTURE WILL cook
PERSON
CONJUGATE YOU WILL cook
MODIFY
NEGATIVE YOU WON'T cook
QUESTION WON'T YOU cook?
ANSWER:
Won't you cook?

[Sourced: EnglishAdam.com]

Test Your Knowledge!

Question


She
Negative
To Call
Future
Simple
Active

Make the Verb!


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Answer


She won't call
She will not call
She'll not call

Notes


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Notes


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