Present Perfect Simple: Form

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Form: Present Perfect Simple

For a full breakdown of the structure of the Present Perfect Simple, please see Recognise: Present Perfect Simple.


TO HAVE (Present Form) + PAST PARTICIPLE

I have studied


If you have problems forming the tense I propose this sequence, GO BACKWARDS!

  • BACKWARDS
  • First the Voice and then Aspects
    1. Take the tense to form, eg Past Perfect Passive of To FINISH
    2. What is the Passive of To FINISH? To BE finished
    3. What is the Perfect of To BE? To HAVE been finished
    4. TO HAVE BEEN FINISHED is the Perfect Passive of To Finish
  • Next going backwards is the MODAL,TENSE or STRUCTURE
    1. PAST Perfect Passive =
    2. HAD been finished
    3. CONDITIONAL Perfect Passive =
    4. WOULD have been finished
    5. PRESENT Perfect Passive =
    6. HAVE / HAS been finished
  • Next the PERSON
    • Now add the person, changing form where necessary
    • THEY + Past Perfect Passive
    • THEY HAD been finished
    • THEY + Conditional Perfect Passive
    • THEY WOULD have been finished
    • THEY + Present Perfect Passive
    • THEY HAVE been finished
  • M = MODIFY
    • Finally we look at the last modifiers:
    • Mood (indicative, interrogative, imperative)
    • Polarity (Positive or Negative)
    • Contractions (if you want a more informal style)
    • Changing where necessary.
    • Negative of They would come = THEY WOULDN'T COME
    • Question of We arrived = DID WE ARRIVE?
    • Negative Question of You should have come = SHOULD YOU NOT HAVE COME?

Forming the Present Perfect Simple...


PERSON she
TYPE positive
VERB to go
Tense/Modal/Structure Present
ASPECT(s) Perfect
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
PERFECT TO HAVE GONE
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
PRESENT HAVE/HAS gone
PERSON
CONJUGATE SHE HAS gone
MODIFY
NEGATIVE X
QUESTION X
ANSWER:
She has gone

PERSON They
TYPE Question
VERB To eat
Tense/Modal/Structure Would
ASPECT(s) Perfect
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
PERFECT TO HAVE EATEN
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
WOULD WOULD have eaten
PERSON
CONJUGATE THEY would have eaten
MODIFY
NEGATIVE X
QUESTION WOULD THEY have eaten?
ANSWER:
Would they have eaten?

PERSON You
TYPE Negative Question
VERB To cook
Tense/Modal/Structure Present
ASPECT(s) Perfect
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
PERFECT TO HAVE COOKED
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
PRESENT HAVE / HAS cooked
PERSON
CONJUGATE YOU HAVE cooked
MODIFY
NEGATIVE YOU HAVEN'T cooked
QUESTION HAVEN'T YOU cooked?
ANSWER:
Haven't you cooked?

[Sourced: EnglishAdam.com]

Test Your Knowledge!

Question


It
Negative Question
To Sell
Present
Perfect
Active

Make the Verb!


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Answer


Hasn't it sold?
Has it not sold?

Notes


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Notes


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