Present Continuous: Form

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Form: Present Continuous

For a full breakdown of the structure of the Present Continuous, please see Recognise: Present Continuous.


TO BE (Present Form) + -ING (Present Participle)

I am studying


If you have problems forming the tense I propose this sequence, GO BACKWARDS!

  • BACKWARDS
  • First the Voice and then Aspects
    1. Take the tense to form, eg Past Perfect Passive of To FINISH
    2. What is the Passive of To FINISH? To BE finished
    3. What is the Perfect of To BE? To HAVE been finished
    4. TO HAVE BEEN FINISHED is the Perfect Passive of To Finish
  • Next going backwards is the MODAL,TENSE or STRUCTURE
    1. PAST Perfect Passive =
    2. HAD been finished
    3. CONDITIONAL Perfect Passive =
    4. WOULD have been finished
    5. PRESENT Perfect Passive =
    6. HAVE / HAS been finished
  • Next the PERSON
    • Now add the person, changing form where necessary
    • THEY + Past Perfect Passive
    • THEY HAD been finished
    • THEY + Conditional Perfect Passive
    • THEY WOULD have been finished
    • THEY + Present Perfect Passive
    • THEY HAVE been finished
  • M = MODIFY
    • Finally we look at the last modifiers:
    • Mood (indicative, interrogative, imperative)
    • Polarity (Positive or Negative)
    • Contractions (if you want a more informal style)
    • Changing where necessary.
    • Negative of They would come = THEY WOULDN'T COME
    • Question of We arrived = DID WE ARRIVE?
    • Negative Question of You should have come = SHOULD YOU NOT HAVE COME?

Forming the Present Continuous...


PERSON she
TYPE positive
VERB to go
Tense/Modal/Structure Present
ASPECT(s) Continuous
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
CONTINUOUS TO BE going
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
PRESENT AM/IS/ARE going
PERSON
CONJUGATE SHE IS going
MODIFY
NEGATIVE X
QUESTION X
ANSWER:
She is going

PERSON They
TYPE Question
VERB To eat
Tense/Modal/Structure Would
ASPECT(s) Continuous
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
CONTINUOUS TO BE eating
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
WOULD WOULD be eating
PERSON
CONJUGATE THEY would be eating
MODIFY
NEGATIVE X
QUESTION WOULD THEY be eating?
ANSWER:
Would they be eating?

PERSON You
TYPE Negative Question
VERB To study
Tense/Modal/Structure Present
ASPECT(s) Continuous
VOICE Active
BACKWARDS
CONTINUOUS TO BE studying
TENSE/ MODAL/ STRUCTURE
PRESENT AM/IS/ARE studying
PERSON
CONJUGATE YOU ARE studying
MODIFY
NEGATIVE YOU AREN'T studying
QUESTION AREN'T YOU studying?
ANSWER:
Aren't you studying?

[Sourced: EnglishAdam.com]

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Question


We
Question
To Pass
Present
Continuous
Active

Make the Verb!


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Answer


Are we passing...?

Notes


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Notes


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