Present Perfect Simple Passive: Recognise

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Recognise & Form: Present Perfect Simple Passive


Structures of Present Perfect Simple Passive

Let's first have a look at the structure of the Present Perfect Simple Passive in terms of the various grammatical moods (indicative, interrogative, imperative) and in terms of polarity (positive and negative). And also: third person form where different, and with a modal (here: could).

TO HAVE (Present Form) + BEEN + PAST PARTICIPLE

Positive Structures
indicative I have been visited
indicative contracted You've been fired
interrogative Have we been invited?
imperative IMPERATIVE
3rd person singular indicative It has been recorded
3rd person singular indicative contracted She's been employed
3rd person singular interrogative Has he been taken?
Positive Structures with Modal
indicative with modal I could have been killed
indicative with modal contracted You could've been fed
interrogative with modal Could he have been promoted?

Negative Structures
indicative They have not been bought
indicative contracted (1) We've not been understood
indicative contracted (2) You haven't been accepted
interrogative Have I not been investigated?
interrogative contracted (1) Haven't you been tested?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE
3rd person singular indicative She has not been allowed
3rd person singular indicative contracted (1) He's not been filmed
3rd person singular indicative contracted (2) It hasn't been touched
3rd person singular interrogative Has she not been elected?
3rd person singular interrogative contracted Hasn't it been paid?
Negative Structures with Modal
indicative with modal I could not have been asked
indicative with modal contracted He couldn't have been told
interrogative with modal Could she not have been allowed?
interrogative with modal contracted Couldn't it have been broken?

RECOGNISE: Present Perfect Simple Passive

If students would like a methodical approach to being sure that they know what tense they are looking at then I propose something like this (The "I.F. + A'Loop"):

The "IF and A'loop" Recognise Model

Use I.F. - To get Tense/Modal and to Convert to the Tense Infinitive

  1. INDICATIVE: convert to the indicative form
    • QUESTION: "Can you go?" => "You can go."
    • NEGATIVE: "They didn't travel." => "They travelled"
    • NB - The auxiliary 'DO DID etc' will disappear.
    • IMPERATIVE: "Run" => "You run."
  2. FIRST WORDS
    • First Word is the Person (1st 2nd 3rd, Singular or Plural)
    • Note and Remove
    • Second Word is the Tense or the Modal or start of a Special Structure?
    • MODAL: Note and Remove
    • SPECIAL STRUCTURE: Note and Remove
    • TENSE (Past or Present): Note and Convert to Bare infinitive
    • (eg HAD => HAVE, RAN =>RUN, WAS => BE, etc)

Let's use I.F. with the Present Perfect Simple Passive

She can't have been allowed.
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative.
Indicative Click me! She can have been allowed.
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal/Special Structure Click me! CAN
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE BEEN ALLOWED
Haven't they been sold?
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative Question
Indicative Click me! They have been sold
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal Click me! PRESENT
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE BEEN SOLD
Should I have been investigated?
Negative? Question? Click me! Question
Indicative Click me! We should have been investigated
Person Click me! 1st
Tense/Modal/Structure Click me! SHOULD
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE BEEN INVESTIGATED

Many times it is possible to see the Infinitive Form of the tense quickly, next is the Auxiliary Loop (A'Loop).

The A'Loop to Find the Tense

  1. Is the FIRST WORD: the LAST word?
    • This is the verb!!!
  2. ...if not...

    The FIRST WORD is BE or HAVE!

    The second word is -ING or Past Participle!

  3. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  4. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by -ing?
    • This is the CONTINUOUS Aspect.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the -ING to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  5. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PASSIVE Voice.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again (Must be last word)
  6. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again

Let's use the A'Loop with the Present Perfect Simple Passive!

HAVE BEEN INVITED
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? NO ? YES ? ?
Convert -ING/PP to INFINITIVE -dont use if ended
Click me! BE INVITED
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? NO ? NO ? NO ? YES
Convert -ING/PP to INFINITIVE -dont use if ended
Click me! INVITE
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? YES ? ? ?
The Verb is TO INVITE

Form: Present Perfect Simple Passive

Coming soon!

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Test Your Knowledge!

Question


Have the customers been let in?

VERB?
Tense/Modal/Structure
ASPECT(s)
VOICE


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Answer


To Let (in)
Present
Perfect Simple
Passive

Notes


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Notes


No specific notes on this question yet, sorry.
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