Present Simple Passive: Recognise

[All information copyrighted to EnglishAdam.com]

Recognise & Form: Present Simple Passive


Structures of Present Simple Passive

Let's first have a look at the structure of the Present Simple Passive in terms of the various grammatical moods (indicative, interrogative, imperative) and in terms of polarity (positive and negative). And also: first and third person form where different, and with a modal (here: could).

TO BE (Present Form) + PAST PARTICIPLE

Positive Structures
indicative You are assigned
indicative contracted They're made
interrogative Are we employed?
imperative Be alarmed!
1st person singular indicative I am taught
1st person singular indicative contracted I'm flown
1st person singular interrogative Am I freed?
3rd person singular indicative It is transported
3rd person singular indicative contracted She's taken
3rd person singular interrogative Is he assessed?
Positive Structures with Modal
indicative with modal He could be corrected
interrogative with modal Could it be mended?

Negative Structures
indicative They are not bought
indicative contracted (1) We're not broadcasted
indicative contracted (2) You aren't interviewed
interrogative Are they not produced?
interrogative contracted (1) Aren't we taken?
imperative Don't be trapped!
1st person singular indicative I am not booked
1st person singular indicative contracted I'm not promoted
1st person singular interrogative Am I not helped?
1st person singular interrogative contracted Aren't I reported?
3rd person singular indicative She is not emailed
3rd person singular indicative contracted (1) He's not filmed
3rd person singular indicative contracted (2) It isn't watered
3rd person singular interrogative Is she not attacked?
3rd person singular interrogative contracted Isn't he paid?
Negative Structures with Modal
indicative with modal I could not be pushed
indicative with modal contracted He couldn't be found
interrogative with modal Could she not be used?
interrogative with modal contracted Couldn't it be cut?

RECOGNISE: Present Simple Passive

If students would like a methodical approach to being sure that they know what tense they are looking at then I propose something like this (The "I.F. + A'Loop"):

The "IF and A'loop" Recognise Model

Use I.F. - To get Tense/Modal and to Convert to the Tense Infinitive

  1. INDICATIVE: convert to the indicative form
    • QUESTION: "Can you go?" => "You can go."
    • NEGATIVE: "They didn't travel." => "They travelled"
    • NB - The auxiliary 'DO DID etc' will disappear.
    • IMPERATIVE: "Run" => "You run."
  2. FIRST WORDS
    • First Word is the Person (1st 2nd 3rd, Singular or Plural)
    • Note and Remove
    • Second Word is the Tense or the Modal or start of a Special Structure?
    • MODAL: Note and Remove
    • SPECIAL STRUCTURE: Note and Remove
    • TENSE (Past or Present): Note and Convert to Bare infinitive
    • (eg HAD => HAVE, RAN =>RUN, WAS => BE, etc)

Let's use I.F. with the Present Simple Passive

She can't be watched.
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative.
Indicative Click me! She can be watched.
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal/Special Structure Click me! CAN
Tense Infinitive Click me! BE WATCHED
Aren't they sold?
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative Question
Indicative Click me! They are sold
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal Click me! PRESENT
Tense Infinitive Click me! BE SOLD
Should we be investigated?
Negative? Question? Click me! Question
Indicative Click me! We should be investigated
Person Click me! 1st
Tense/Modal/Structure Click me! SHOULD
Tense Infinitive Click me! BE INVESTIGATED

Many times it is possible to see the Infinitive Form of the tense quickly, next is the Auxiliary Loop (A'Loop).

The A'Loop to Find the Tense

  1. Is the FIRST WORD: the LAST word?
    • This is the verb!!!
  2. ...if not...

    The FIRST WORD is BE or HAVE!

    The second word is -ING or Past Participle!

  3. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  4. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by -ing?
    • This is the CONTINUOUS Aspect.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the -ING to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  5. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PASSIVE Voice.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again (Must be last word)
  6. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again

Let's use the A'Loop with the Present Simple Passive!

BE PRODUCED
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? NO ? NO ? NO ? YES
Convert -ING/PP to INFINITIVE -dont use if ended
Click me! PRODUCE
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? YES ? ? ?
The Verb is TO PRODUCE

Form: Present Simple Passive

Coming soon!

[Sourced: EnglishAdam.com]

Test Your Knowledge!

Question


Have you been offered a job?

VERB?
Tense/Modal/Structure
ASPECT(s)
VOICE


Click to show

Answer


To Offer
Present
Perfect Simple
Passive

Notes


Click to show

Notes


No specific notes on this question yet, sorry.
3198156534

[EnglishAdam.com]

Practice Your Knowledge!