Used to: Recognise

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Recognise & Form: Used-To Structure


Structures of Used-To Structure

Let's first have a look at the structure of the Used-To Structure in terms of the various grammatical moods (indicative, interrogative, imperative) and in terms of polarity (positive and negative).

USED TO + INFINITIVE

Positive Structures
indicative They used to smoke
interrogative Did she use to work?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE

Negative Structures
indicative (1) We did not use to travel.
indicative (2) I used not to care.
indicative contracted (1) He didn't use to cook.
indicative contracted (2) They usedn't to watch.
interrogative Did you not use to drive?
interrogative contracted Didn't she use to swim?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE

RECOGNISE: Used-To Structure

If students would like a methodical approach to being sure that they know what tense they are looking at then I propose something like this (The "I.F. + A'Loop"):

The "IF and A'loop" Recognise Model

Use I.F. - To get Tense/Modal and to Convert to the Tense Infinitive

  1. INDICATIVE: convert to the indicative form
    • QUESTION: "Can you go?" => "You can go."
    • NEGATIVE: "They didn't travel." => "They travelled"
    • NB - The auxiliary 'DO DID etc' will disappear.
    • IMPERATIVE: "Run" => "You run."
  2. FIRST WORDS
    • First Word is the Person (1st 2nd 3rd, Singular or Plural)
    • Note and Remove
    • Second Word is the Tense or the Modal or start of a Special Structure?
    • MODAL: Note and Remove
    • SPECIAL STRUCTURE: Note and Remove
    • TENSE (Past or Present): Note and Convert to Bare infinitive
    • (eg HAD => HAVE, RAN =>RUN, WAS => BE, etc)

Let's use I.F. with the Used-To Structure

She didn't use to play.
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative.
Indicative Click me! She used to play.
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal/Special Structure Click me! USED TO
Tense Infinitive Click me! PLAY
Didn't they use to work?
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative Question
Indicative Click me! They used to work
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal Click me! USED TO
Tense Infinitive Click me! WORK
Did we use to go?
Negative? Question? Click me! Question
Indicative Click me! We used to go.
Person Click me! 1st
Tense/Modal Click me! USED TO
Tense Infinitive Click me! GO

Form: Used-To Structure

Coming soon!

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Test Your Knowledge!

Question


You used to be such a bad student!

VERB?
Tense/Modal/Structure
ASPECT(s)
VOICE


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Answer


To Be
Used to
Simple
Active

Notes


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Notes


No specific notes on this question yet, sorry.
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