Conditional Perfect: Recognise

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Recognise & Form: Conditional Perfect


Structures of Conditional Perfect

Let's first have a look at the structure of the Conditional Perfect in terms of the various grammatical moods (indicative, interrogative, imperative) and in terms of polarity (positive and negative).

WOULD + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

Positive Structures
indicative She would have realised.
indicative contracted (1) He'd have known.
indicative contracted (2) They would've come
interrogative Would you have cooked?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE

Negative Structures
indicative I would not have called.
indicative contracted (1) You wouldn't have understood.
interrogative Would they not have eaten?
interrogative contracted Wouldn't she have studied?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE

RECOGNISE: Conditional Perfect

If students would like a methodical approach to being sure that they know what tense they are looking at then I propose something like this (The "I.F. + A'Loop"):

The "IF and A'loop" Recognise Model

Use I.F. - To get Tense/Modal and to Convert to the Tense Infinitive

  1. INDICATIVE: convert to the indicative form
    • QUESTION: "Can you go?" => "You can go."
    • NEGATIVE: "They didn't travel." => "They travelled"
    • NB - The auxiliary 'DO DID etc' will disappear.
    • IMPERATIVE: "Run" => "You run."
  2. FIRST WORDS
    • First Word is the Person (1st 2nd 3rd, Singular or Plural)
    • Note and Remove
    • Second Word is the Tense or the Modal or start of a Special Structure?
    • MODAL: Note and Remove
    • SPECIAL STRUCTURE: Note and Remove
    • TENSE (Past or Present): Note and Convert to Bare infinitive
    • (eg HAD => HAVE, RAN =>RUN, WAS => BE, etc)

Let's use I.F. with the Conditional Perfect

She wouldn't have slept.
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative.
Indicative Click me! She would have slept.
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal/Special Structure Click me! WOULD (CONDITIONAL)
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE SLEPT
Wouldn't they have accepted?
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative Question
Indicative Click me! They would have accepted
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal Click me! WOULD
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE ACCEPTED
Would I have managed?
Negative? Question? Click me! Question
Indicative Click me! I would have managed
Person Click me! 1st
Tense/Modal Click me! WOULD (CONDITIONAL)
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE MANAGED

Many times it is possible to see the Infinitive Form of the tense quickly, next is the Auxiliary Loop (A'Loop).

The A'Loop to Find the Tense

  1. Is the FIRST WORD: the LAST word?
    • This is the verb!!!
  2. ...if not...

    The FIRST WORD is BE or HAVE!

    The second word is -ING or Past Participle!

  3. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  4. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by -ing?
    • This is the CONTINUOUS Aspect.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the -ING to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  5. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PASSIVE Voice.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again (Must be last word)
  6. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again

Let's use the A'Loop with the Conditional Perfect!

HAVE CLEANED
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? NO ? YES ? ?
Convert -ING/PP to INFINITIVE -dont use if ended
Click me! CLEAN
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? YES ? ? ?
The Verb is TO CLEAN

Form: Conditional Perfect

Coming soon!

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Test Your Knowledge!

Question


Would he have known about it?

VERB?
Tense/Modal/Structure
ASPECT(s)
VOICE


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Answer


To Know
Would (Conditional)
Perfect Simple
Active

Notes


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Notes


No specific notes on this question yet, sorry.
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