Future Perfect Simple: Recognise

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Recognise & Form: Future Perfect Simple


Structures of Future Perfect Simple

Let's first have a look at the structure of the Future Perfect Simple in terms of the various grammatical moods (indicative, interrogative, imperative) and in terms of polarity (positive and negative).

WILL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

Positive Structures
indicative You will have studied.
indicative contracted (1) She'll have arrived.
indicative contracted (2) You will've come.**
interrogative Will they have eaten?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE

Negative Structures
indicative I will not have finished.
indicative contracted (1) We won't have slept.
indicative contracted (2) They'll not have realised.
interrogative Will you not have left?
interrogative contracted Won't you have driven?
imperative NOT APPLICABLE

RECOGNISE: Future Perfect Simple

If students would like a methodical approach to being sure that they know what tense they are looking at then I propose something like this (The "I.F. + A'Loop"):

The "IF and A'loop" Recognise Model

Use I.F. - To get Tense/Modal and to Convert to the Tense Infinitive

  1. INDICATIVE: convert to the indicative form
    • QUESTION: "Can you go?" => "You can go."
    • NEGATIVE: "They didn't travel." => "They travelled"
    • NB - The auxiliary 'DO DID etc' will disappear.
    • IMPERATIVE: "Run" => "You run."
  2. FIRST WORDS
    • First Word is the Person (1st 2nd 3rd, Singular or Plural)
    • Note and Remove
    • Second Word is the Tense or the Modal or start of a Special Structure?
    • MODAL: Note and Remove
    • SPECIAL STRUCTURE: Note and Remove
    • TENSE (Past or Present): Note and Convert to Bare infinitive
    • (eg HAD => HAVE, RAN =>RUN, WAS => BE, etc)

Let's use I.F. with the Future Perfect Simple

She won't have read that by tomorrow.
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative.
Indicative Click me! She will have read.
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal/Special Structure Click me! WILL (FUTURE)
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE READ
Won't they have slept?
Negative? Question? Click me! Negative Question
Indicative Click me! They will have slept.
Person Click me! 3rd
Tense/Modal Click me! WILL (FUTURE)
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE SLEPT
Will we have finished?
Negative? Question? Click me! Question
Indicative Click me! We will have finished.
Person Click me! 1st
Tense/Modal Click me! WILL (FUTURE)
Tense Infinitive Click me! HAVE FINISHED

Many times it is possible to see the Infinitive Form of the tense quickly, next is the Auxiliary Loop (A'Loop).

The A'Loop to Find the Tense

  1. Is the FIRST WORD: the LAST word?
    • This is the verb!!!
  2. ...if not...

    The FIRST WORD is BE or HAVE!

    The second word is -ING or Past Participle!

  3. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  4. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by -ing?
    • This is the CONTINUOUS Aspect.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the -ING to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again
  5. Is the FIRST WORD: BE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PASSIVE Voice.
    • Note and Remove BE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again (Must be last word)
  6. Is the FIRST WORD: HAVE followed by the past participle?
    • This is the PERFECT Aspect.
    • Note and Remove HAVE
    • Convert the past participle to INFINITIVE
    • Start A'Loop Again

Let's use the A'Loop with the Future Perfect!

HAVE COOKED (note the WILL has been removed)
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? NO ? YES ? ?
Convert -ING/PP to INFINITIVE -dont use if ended
Click me! COOK
LAST WORD? HAVE + PP? BE + -ING? BE + PP?
= Verb = Perfect = Continuous = Passive
? YES ? ? ?
The Verb is TO COOK

Form: Future Perfect Simple

Coming soon!

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Test Your Knowledge!

Question


Would she have seen him by then?

VERB?
Tense/Modal/Structure
ASPECT(s)
VOICE


Click to show

Answer


To See
Would (Conditional)
Perfect Simple
Active

Notes


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Notes


No specific notes on this question yet, sorry.
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